• 2021年11月16日


    As a professional, let’s talk about the topic of “over 18 on tenancy agreement”. This topic is a crucial one for landlords, property managers, and tenants alike. It relates to the legality of having an individual under 18 years old sign a tenancy agreement.

    In most countries, the legal age of majority is 18, which means that a person under 18 cannot legally enter into a contract or agreement. This includes a tenancy agreement. This is why it’s important to take this into account when renting a property, particularly to families with young children.

    If a tenant is under 18, the landlord or property manager should ask for a guarantor who is over 18 years old. A guarantor is somebody who agrees to take responsibility for the tenant’s obligations under the lease. This means that if the tenant is unable to pay rent or damages the property, the guarantor will be responsible for covering the costs. The guarantor must be over 18 and should preferably be a financially stable individual who is willing to fulfill their obligations if necessary.

    When it comes to renting to individuals who are over 18 years old, it’s important to make sure that they are listed on the tenancy agreement. This means that they are legally bound by the terms of the lease and can be held responsible for any damages or unpaid rent. If they are not listed on the agreement, they are not legally obligated to follow the rules and regulations of the lease.

    Additionally, it’s important for landlords and property managers to be aware of any laws or regulations in their area regarding renting to minors. Some areas may have specific rules or requirements for renting to individuals under 18 years old.

    In summary, it’s crucial to ensure that any individual listed on a tenancy agreement is over 18 years old. If there are individuals under 18 years old who will be living in the property, a guarantor should be sought. Remember that the legal age of majority may vary from country to country, so it’s important to check the laws and regulations in your area. By following these guidelines, you can ensure a smooth and legal renting process for all parties involved.

  • 2021年11月6日


    Fiji Double Tax Agreements: Understanding Its Benefits and Importance for Individuals and Businesses

    Double tax agreements (DTAs) play a crucial role in regulating and promoting international trade by avoiding the burden of double taxation on income or gains between two or more countries. Fiji, a beautiful island nation situated in the South Pacific, has signed a series of DTAs with various countries worldwide to boost economic relations and investments.

    What is a Double Tax Agreement?

    A Double Tax Agreement is an agreement between two countries that aims to prevent double taxation of the same income or gains in both countries. This agreement allows individuals and businesses to avoid being taxed twice for the same income in their home country and the foreign country where the income is earned.

    DTAs are created to promote cross-border trade, investment, and business activities and often provide relief from double taxation by setting out guidelines on which country has the right to tax specific types of income, such as income from dividends, interest, royalties, or capital gains.

    Fiji`s Double Tax Agreements

    Fiji has entered into several double tax agreements with various countries worldwide. Some of the countries include Australia, New Zealand, India, and the United Arab Emirates. These agreements cover a wide range of taxes, including income tax, withholding tax, capital gains tax, and more.

    The agreements aim to encourage investment into Fiji by providing tax relief for businesses and individuals in their respective home countries. It also ensures that they are not subject to double taxation on their income from Fiji.

    Benefits of Fiji`s Double Tax Agreements

    Fiji`s DTAs provide several benefits, including:

    1. Promoting International Trade and Investment: DTAs ensure that businesses and individuals are not taxed twice, making it easier for them to invest and trade in Fiji.

    2. Avoidance of Double Taxation: Fiji`s DTAs have measures put in place to ensure that businesses and individuals are not taxed twice, which promotes investments, trade, and positive economic relations.

    3. Simplified Taxation Procedures: DTAs provide a set of clear guidelines and procedures for taxpayers to follow, which makes it easier for them to understand and comply with tax laws.

    4. Reduced Tax Rates: Fiji`s DTAs often provide reduced tax rates for specific types of income, which can significantly reduce the tax burden for both individuals and businesses.


    Fiji`s double tax agreements are essential tools in promoting international trade and investment by preventing double taxation of income or gains. They provide relief for businesses and individuals in their respective countries and ensure that they are not subjected to double taxation. Fiji has made considerable progress and continues to negotiate new DTAs with different countries worldwide. As a result, international trade and investments in Fiji are only set to increase in the future.

  • 2021年11月4日


    Agreement with Indemnity Clause Stamp Duty: What You Need to Know

    When it comes to legal agreements, indemnity clauses are crucial for protecting the parties involved against financial loss that may arise from certain events or situations. However, it`s important to understand that these clauses also have implications on stamp duty.

    What is Stamp Duty?

    Stamp duty is a tax imposed by the government when certain documents are executed, such as agreements, contracts, leases, etc. The amount of stamp duty payable is based on the value of the property or transaction that the document relates to.

    What is an Indemnity Clause?

    An indemnity clause is a contractual agreement between two parties where one party agrees to compensate the other party for any losses, damages, or claims arising from a defined event or situation.

    For example, if Party A agrees to indemnify Party B against any losses or damages that may arise from a breach of contract, then Party A will be responsible for compensating Party B for any losses or damages sustained as a result of the breach.

    Agreements with Indemnity Clauses and Stamp Duty

    When an agreement includes an indemnity clause, stamp duty may be payable on the indemnity amount. This means that the indemnity amount is treated as a consideration for the transaction and is subject to stamp duty.

    For example, if Party A agrees to indemnify Party B for $100,000 in a contract, stamp duty may be payable on the $100,000 indemnity amount in addition to the stamp duty payable on the contract itself.

    It`s important to note that if the indemnity clause is limited to a specific amount and doesn`t exceed the consideration for the transaction, then stamp duty is not payable on the indemnity amount. However, if the indemnity amount exceeds the consideration for the transaction, then stamp duty will be payable on the indemnity amount.


    Agreements with indemnity clauses are essential for protecting parties against financial loss, but it`s important to note that they may have implications on stamp duty. If you`re unsure about stamp duty requirements for your agreement, it`s always best to consult with a legal professional or taxation expert. By doing so, you can ensure that you`re compliant with all relevant regulations and avoid any potential financial penalties.

  • 2021年11月4日


    Coffee Licensing Agreement: What You Need to Know

    If you`re an entrepreneur looking to start a coffee business, a coffee licensing agreement can be a great way to get started. But what exactly is a coffee licensing agreement, and how does it work?

    A coffee licensing agreement is a legal contract between a coffee roaster and a coffee shop owner. The roaster grants the shop owner the right to use their brand name, products, recipes, and marketing materials, among other things. In return, the shop owner pays a fee to the roaster, typically in the form of a percentage of sales or a flat rate.

    There are several advantages to using a coffee licensing agreement. For one, it allows the shop owner to benefit from the reputation and expertise of an established coffee roaster. The roaster may have a loyal customer base and a strong brand image that the shop owner can leverage to attract customers. Additionally, the roaster may provide training and support to help the shop owner get started and grow their business.

    Another benefit of a coffee licensing agreement is that it can help the roaster expand their brand and reach new customers. By partnering with multiple coffee shops, the roaster can increase their exposure and build a larger customer base.

    However, there are also some potential drawbacks to consider. For one, the shop owner may have less control over their business than if they were starting from scratch. They may be required to follow certain guidelines and restrictions set by the roaster, such as using specific equipment or ingredients. Additionally, the fees associated with a coffee licensing agreement can be significant, cutting into the shop owner`s profits.

    To ensure that your coffee licensing agreement is fair and beneficial for everyone involved, there are a few key things to keep in mind.

    First, make sure that the terms of the agreement are clear and transparent. Both parties should understand what they are getting into and what their obligations are.

    Second, consider the long-term implications of the agreement. Will it allow your business to grow and thrive, or will it create unnecessary restrictions and costs?

    Finally, work with a lawyer experienced in coffee licensing agreements to ensure that the contract is legally sound and protects your interests.

    In conclusion, a coffee licensing agreement can be a great option for entrepreneurs looking to start a coffee business. However, it`s important to weigh the pros and cons carefully and seek professional advice before signing on the dotted line. With the right agreement in place, you can build a successful and profitable coffee business that benefits both you and your partner.